植物播种: 葡萄树的种植技术 石榴树种植技术 薰衣草什么时候播种 柿子树种植技术与管理 玉露种子的种植方法 空心菜能插活吗 鸿运当头的花从哪里剪 马蹄莲的种植方法 三叶草种子种植方法 室内适合养的18种植物

空心菜如何种植,详解空心菜的种植方法

  • 编辑:植物之家海棠
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  • 最后更新:2018年09月06日
  • 手机版

空心菜是大家再熟悉不过的青菜了,夏季经常食用,一般都是炒着吃。很多人采摘过空心菜,但是看到的都是栽种好的空心菜,空心菜如何种植,怎么从种子长大?空心菜的种植选择合适的时间,种植前要先把种子做催芽处理,然后播种,保湿温度和充足的光照。

一、空心菜的种植方法

1、时间

空心菜喜欢高温湿润的环境,北方适应的季节较短,种植较少,大面积在南方种植。北方种植空心菜要在6~8月份,南方回暖快,在4~7月种植。选择的园地,要光照充足,土壤肥沃。

2、环境

空心菜对土壤要求虽然不严,但是种植的土壤会影响到菜品的质量,因此,还是用合适的土壤最好。种植空心菜用疏松、肥沃的土壤,菜才会长的快;另外,25℃~30℃的温度最适合它的生长,不超过40℃都可以承受,但是冬季温度不能低于10℃,空心菜会停止生长。

3、播种

空心菜种子表皮比较硬,播种前一般都要催芽。先用温水浸泡半个小时左右,水不要太烫不超过60度,浸泡时慢慢搅拌避免烫坏种子;然后在清水中再泡一天,放入温暖的环境里催芽,每天冲洗,直到大多数种子发白时就可以播种了。空心菜的播种一般是撒播或条播,播种后覆盖一层细土,保持土壤湿润。

4、管理

温度和肥水供应及时,空心菜长的很快,植株长到5厘米时菊要开始浇水施肥了,整个生长水分是不能少的,要移植保持土壤湿润。空心菜长大后,可以对茎叶进行采摘,采摘之后要及时施肥,要开始第二次的生长。播种出苗后如果植株太过密,可以适当拔苗移植,保持植株的透光性和透气性。

二、空心菜的食疗功效

1、解毒

空心菜有解毒的作用,因为其含有丰富的果胶、木质素和纤维素。果胶可以强有力的将体内的重金属吸附,加速排出体外,具有排毒的作用;木质素可以辅助巨噬细胞吞食细菌,具有消炎杀菌的效果。此外,空心菜还可以治疗疮疡、痈疖。

2、通便

纤维素可以促进肠道蠕动,加速排便,空心菜含有大量的这种物质,所以,食用空心菜有通便的作用,可以有效缓解便秘,减少撑到癌变的可能,因此,空心菜也有防癌的作用。

3、提高免疫力

空心菜含有丰富的维生素,比大白菜的含量还要高,还含有胡萝卜素等,这些营养物质可以提高人体的抗病能力,从而达到强身健体的目的;另外,空心菜含有的叶绿素,有洁齿防龋,润泽皮肤的功效。

三、空心菜的吃法

我们学习了空心菜如何种植,还了解了它的功效,下面介绍下空心菜的吃法。空心菜的叶子和梗都可以食用,一般都是两个一起炒着吃,也可以分开炒食;空心菜的嫩叶可以凉拌着吃;此外,空心菜还可以跟肉类一起炒,或是做汤吃。

结语:空心菜的种植方法挺简单的,播种种植,主要要注意光照、温度和水分。

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