兰花 > 正文

兰花怎么养

  • 编辑:植物之家木槿
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  • 最后更新:2018年12月06日
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兰花在养护时要提供按4:1配制的腐叶土和河沙的疏松土壤,还要四季正确进行浇水,为其提供充足水分。生长期内要半月追施一次稀薄肥液,为其提供16~24℃的适宜温度,避免夏季高温和冬季低温影响,及时进行枝叶修剪就可以了。

1、疏松土壤

养殖兰花需要选择疏松透气的土壤,可以用腐叶土和河沙按4:1的比例进行配制,也可以用腐叶土和珍珠岩、河沙按照7:2:1的比例进行配制,混合出兰花所需的透气透水的疏松土壤。

2、四季浇水

四季进行正确的浇水是兰花怎么养好的关键。养护兰花时要注意春秋2~3天浇水一次,夏季高温水分蒸发大,要每天早晚进行浇水,冬季温度低兰花休眠生长缓慢,则每周浇水一次就可以了。

3、适量施肥

兰花喜肥,在生长期要适量追肥为其提供养分进行生长,通常在半月左右进行一次稀薄肥液的施加即可。在种植兰花前还有施加长效基肥让其养分,充足注意不可选择浓肥,会烧根影响兰花的正常生长。

4、适宜温度

在16~24℃的适宜温度中健康生长的兰花,养护时要注意保持温度适宜,不能出现温度过高或者过低的现象。通常在夏季要保持温度在30℃以下,冬季则要将温度控制在10℃以上就可以了。

5、枝叶修剪

兰花在养护时其枝叶也需要不断进行修剪,一般在看到兰花植株上出现病叶残枝,就要用剪刀将其剪除,使兰花保持枝条的健康。在兰花开花后也要及时将花枝剪除,避免多余营养的消耗。

6、繁殖方法

(1)分株繁殖

兰花一般在春秋换盆的时候可以进行分株繁殖。将母株移出花盆,随后将其根部清理后,等其晾干后再把根部分成若干小株。把兰花小株分别栽进花盆中,浇水放于阴凉处,10天后就可生根。

(2)播种繁殖

播种繁殖也是兰花的一种繁殖方法,但是因为兰花种子过于细小,其发芽成活率极低,并不推荐这种方法。将兰花种子用酒精杀毒灭菌以后,浸水10分钟,随后放在人工培养基上进行养护,等其发芽即可。

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