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小木槿 > 正文

小木槿怎么养?小木槿的养殖方法及注意事项

  • 编辑:植物之家
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  • 最后更新:2018年03月28日
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小木槿的花型清秀可爱,颜色也十分漂亮,因此受到许多花友的喜爱。那么,小木槿怎么养呢?下面小编就给大家分享小木槿的养殖方法及注意事项,一起来看看吧!

小木槿的养殖方法

1、土壤

小木槿所选择的土壤基质最好是透气性好、排水性强的土壤,一般市面上出售的培养花卉用的营养土就可用来养小木槿,也可采用腐叶土加上河沙和有机肥进行混合配制的营养土。

2、光照

小木槿是喜阳光,喜温热的花卉,因此对阳光的要求颇高。最好保持每天6小时以上的光照,充足的光照可促使植物生长更为健壮,过于荫蔽易节间变长且开花减少。如室内养护,应放在光线明亮的地方,如阳台、窗台等处。

3、浇水

夏季小木槿在养护过程中一定要注意浇水,因为水分使小木槿越夏的关键所在,当天气过于炎热,气温升高的时候需要每天进行一次浇水,浇水要浇透水,小木槿如果缺水会很容易枯死。冬天休眠期浇少量的水。

4、施肥

肥料充足时,小木槿生长迅速,且开花茂盛。幼株时以平衡肥为主,或稍偏氮肥,一般春季施肥以氨:磷:钾的比为20:20:20为佳,初夏时改施含磷较高的肥料,如10:30:10的开花肥。因小木槿开花较多,对肥料消耗也较大,应10天左右施1次1200倍的液肥。冬季小木槿逐渐进入了休眠期,休眠期间要停止施肥。有条件的花友可以施一些充分腐熟的有机肥,效果更佳。

5、繁殖

盆栽小木槿以扦插繁殖为主,春季是扦插的季节,因此扦插的枝条应当选择半木质化的枝条,枝条过老或者过嫩都不利于小木槿的生根,一般扦插一个月左右即可生根发芽了。

 

小木槿的养殖注意事项

1、养殖小木槿切忌不要使用粘质土壤或微酸性土壤,总体来讲,有条件的可以使用排水性及通透性好的土壤。没有养殖条件的花友们,可以尝试用普通的园土栽培。

2、夏天天气过于炎热,需要将其放置在阳台有散射光照充足的地方,并保持通风,便可安全度过炎热的夏季。当阳光直射温度过高,必须每天浇水一次,如果忘记浇水,就会出现大片大片的枯黄落叶。

3、小木槿在还是小苗的时候就可以进行摘心打顶,成长发育期再打一次。摘心可促使小木槿生长更加茂盛,花开更多。

4、小木槿耐修剪,因此花友们可放心大胆的进行修剪,一般轻剪或者重剪皆可,轻剪可剪掉整体枝芽的三分之一,重剪土面10厘米以上皆可全部剪掉,修剪能够使植株更加硕壮。

5、小木槿较易发生红蜘蛛及蚜虫。红蜘蛛可用三氯杀螨醇乳油500~600倍液或40{bf}氧化乐果乳油1 500倍液防治;蚜虫可用40{bf}乐果乳油1 000倍液喷雾防治。

结语:通过上文的介绍,相信大家了解小木槿的养殖方法及注意事项,喜欢小木槿的朋友就不要错过了,赶紧种起来吧!

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