种植/养殖: 芙蓉花的养殖方法 巴西木的养殖方法 龙舌兰的养殖方法 含笑的养殖方法 摇钱树的养殖方法 芍药花的养殖方法 室内花卉养殖方法 水培滴水观音的养殖方法 康乃馨的养殖方法 夜来香的养殖方法
凤梨 > 正文

凤梨的养殖方法

  • 编辑:植物之家绿萝
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  • 最后更新:2019年01月08日
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凤梨一般需要用口径10cm高30cm的陶盆做养殖容器,用草炭土、细沙、树叶按照4:2:1的比例混合做基质,它的耐阴性很强,但每天适当的给其光照,可使凤梨生长的更好,通常可隔2~3天给其浇一次水,半个月施一次氮磷钾肥。

1、选择盆土

凤梨的根须比较发达,通常需选用口径10cm高30cm的陶盆、塑料盆做养殖凤梨的容器,而且还要配制一份肥沃的腐质土壤,通常可用草炭土、细沙、树叶按照4:2:1的比例混合做基质,使其在盆土中更好的生长。

2、适当光照

其实凤梨的耐阴性很强,它适合盆栽放在室内养护,不过在凤梨的养殖方法中,一天最好给其4小时光照,而冬季如果给其6小时光照,还能帮助凤梨越冬,所以如果在室内养护时,尽量摆放在靠近阳光的地方。

3、水肥管理

在养殖凤梨的过程中,一定要时刻保持盆土湿润,通常可隔2~3天给其浇一次水,千万不要使雨水淋湿土壤,不然会使凤梨根须腐烂,如果凤梨缺乏养分,那么它的枝叶也会失去色泽,应在生长季时,每半个月施一次氮磷钾肥就好。

4、冬季控温

凤梨虽然对环境的要求不是很高,适合在18~25℃的环境下生长,但并不代表凤梨耐寒,平时如果温度低于10℃,那么将会影响凤梨生长,所以每到冬季做好将温度控制在10℃左右,千万不要使温度低于5℃。

5、分株繁殖

凤梨有着很多繁殖方法,一般分株法发成活率比较高,首先需将凤梨的基部出嫩芽摘取下来,保留5~6片叶子,然后放在凉爽通风处1~2天,再将凤梨根部处的嫩芽插入泥土中,等待一个月就会重新生根了。

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