养花技巧|养花施肥八大误区

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  • 最后更新:2018年04月27日
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对于刚开始养花的新手,最难的莫过于给它们浇水,当然还有就是施肥。因为植物生长光浇水时远远不能满足的,我们需要给它施肥补充营养。但很多新手小白却不知道什么时候施,该施多少,下面列出一些新手常见的施肥误区,希望花友们可以以此作参考。

养花施肥八大误区

误区一:新栽的植株施肥

新栽的植株伤口多,这时不宜受到外界刺激,否则容易导致难以愈合,且会引起烂根。

误区二:生病植株施(补)肥

病弱植株的枝条细弱,光合作用差,新陈代谢缓慢,如果贸然为其施肥容易造成“虚不受补”,反成肥害。

误区三:休眠期施肥

花卉在休眠期已基本停止或减缓生长,新陈代谢也会变慢,光合作用不强。若此时追施肥料,会打破休眠,引起植株继续生长,这样会消耗更多的养料而影响来年的开花。

误区四:开花期施肥

同理,开花期施肥,容易使得枝叶徒长,引起落蕾、落花、落果。

误区五:直接在根部位置施肥

随着花卉植物不断地生长,它的根系也相应地逐步扩展,若在根蔸下施肥,反而不利于充分吸收和利用。因此,应视植株生长的情况,穴施在离根的适当处或盆边,以利根的吸收。

误区六:盲目施浓肥

当肥料达到一定浓度产生一定腐蚀性,如果用来浇花施肥,会造成花卉枯死。施肥一般遵循“薄肥勤施”原则,以三分肥七分水为最妥。

误区七:单施氮肥(或某种肥)   

花卉施肥应讲究营养均衡,应将氮、磷、钾配合使用,最好以饼肥、厩肥、堆肥、鸡鸭鸽粪、骨粉、树叶、草木灰等农家肥为主,如单施氮素化肥,容易造成枝叶延长生长期,推迟开花或不开花,或花小色淡。

误区八:施生肥(即未经发酵的自制肥料)

如果施用未经腐熟的肥料,不但易于生虫、生蛆,往往散发出臭气而污染环境,而且遇到水会发酵,容易烧伤植株根系。

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