基本介绍

《樱花草》相信80,90后的朋友们都耳熟能详。那么,您是否了解樱花草这种植物呢?下面小编将为大家详细介绍樱花草的资料。

樱花草(学名:Primula malacoides),别名报春花、年景花。,为报春花科报春花属多年生草本花卉叶全部基生,形成莲座状叶丛。花有红、黄、橙、蓝、紫、白等色,在花葶上排成伞状花序、总状花序、头状花序,或单生于叶丛中;花冠漏斗状或高脚碟状,蒴果球状或圆柱形,种子多数而形小。

形态特征

樱花草是多年生草本,一般作一,二年栽培。株高20-30厘米,全株具有细毛,叶子基生,近似椭圆,基部呈心形。有数浅裂,边缘具有缺刻状齿牙,叶有长柄。顶部生有伞形花序,花萼基部膨大,花冠高呈蝴蝶状,上部分裂,管部藏于花萼中。花呈白,粉红,粉色居多。蒴果具有多数种子,自播能力强。花冠淡红色,高脚碟状,裂片开展,倒心形,顶端凹缺。

生长习性及分布

 樱花草喜排水良好,多腐殖质的土壤,较喜湿。在含腐殖质较多的沙质壤土和粘质壤土中(pH5.5至6.5)都能很好地生长 。苗期忌强烈日晒和高温,喜温暖通风的环境。在南方土壤粘重的地方,一般混合自制腐叶土(收集树叶及酸性土、鸡粪、木炭粉沤制而成的土壤)。注意,混合前必须将原有粘土块全部打碎,否则起不到改土作用。

注意:北方土壤大多呈碱性,需要施硫磺粉或硫酸亚铁等调节pH值至6左右。每平方米施硫磺粉2克,有效期1至2年,同时每年测定,使pH值不超过7。

繁殖方法

定植时间在早春土壤解冻后立即栽植,一般为二三月份。栽植前仔细整地。在平地栽植可挖直径1米,深0.8米的穴;穴内先填约一半深的改良土壤,把苗放入穴中央,使苗根向四方伸展;少量填土后,微向上提苗,使根系充分伸展,再行轻踩;栽苗深度要使最上层的苗根距地面5厘米,栽好后做一积水窝,并充分灌水;最后用跟苗差不多高的竹片支撑,以防刮风吹倒。

植物文化

一、传说

1.樱花草是希腊的水泽女神悲恋的化身。 有个无法言语的水泽女神爱上了英 俊的青年, 但是青年的身边围绕着一群爱慕者。无法说话的水泽女神无法表达爱意,只能悲伤的在远处看着他离去。日复一日,水泽女神的生命渐渐消逝,虽然失去生命,但她的爱却继续深情地守候着这个青年。于是,在她死去的地方,长出了一朵朵可爱的小花…… 这就是樱花草。

2.希腊神话中有一个叫做巴拉利索斯的青年,这位青年有一位很美的未婚妻梅丽雪尔塔,他们每天都在盼望着结婚的日子,但是,后来女孩因病去世,这位青年悲伤过度竟殉情了,神可怜他,便把他变成花,开在女孩的墓旁,这种花就是西洋樱花草。

二、花语

花语——除你之外别无他爱。

樱花草是十分受欢迎的一种花卉。樱花草,也叫报春花,是我国比较传统的一种花卉,有非常多的颜色,主要被栽培成观赏花卉。下面小编就给大家介绍樱花草的栽培方法。
添加时间:2018年01月30日 更新时间:2018年01月30日
樱花草花丛清雅,花色丰富,花期也在春节前后,非常适合用来装点客厅居室或书房等。如果遭受病虫侵害,观赏性会大打折扣,我们应该做好防虫防害措施。
添加时间:2018年01月29日 更新时间:2018年01月29日

樱花草的资料

浏览:86
添加时间:2018年01月29日 更新时间:2018年01月29日

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