种植/养殖: 马蹄莲的养殖方法和注意事项
长寿花 > 正文

长寿花的养殖方法和注意事项:手把手教你养殖

  • 编辑:
  • 浏览:
  • 最后更新:2018年04月27日
  • 手机版

长寿花是冬春季节理想的室内养殖的花卉。它植株小巧玲玫,株型紧凑,叶片翠绿,花朵密集,有着大吉大利、长命百岁的寓意,是馈赠亲友和长辈的理想盆花。那对于长寿花的养殖我们应该注意什么呢?今天介绍下关于长寿花的养殖方法。

长寿花的养殖方法(基础知识)

1、长寿花养殖之土壤选择

长寿花不能使用粘重的土壤培养,否则就会导致生长不良,烂根落叶,严重时造成植株死亡。盆土应用腐叶土4份 、园土4份、河沙2份,另加少量骨粉混合配制。这种培养土疏松肥沃、排水性能好,呈微酸性反应,有利根系发育 。

2、长寿花养殖之施肥方法

长寿花不能使用粘重的土壤培养,否则就会导致生长不良,烂根落叶,严重时造成植株死亡。盆土应用腐叶土4份 、园土4份、河沙2份,另加少量骨粉混合配制。这种培养土疏松肥沃、排水性能好,呈微酸性反应,有利根系发育 。

生长旺季可每隔15~20天施一次稀薄复合液肥,促使生长健壮、开花繁茂。11月份花芽形成后增施1~2次0.2%磷 酸二氢钾或0.5%过磷酸钙,则花多、色艳、花期长。

3、长寿花养殖之浇水方法

长寿花与其他多肉花卉一样,体内含有较多水分,抗旱能力较强,故不需要大量浇水。生长期间只要每隔2~3天浇 一次透水,保持盆土略湿润即可。冬季温度低时更要控制浇水。若浇水过多,排水不畅,盆土过湿,易导致根系腐 烂。

长寿花虽较为耐旱,但在生长季节也不能缺水,关于长寿花多久浇一次水平时可每隔2~3天浇水1次。营养生长阶段,一定要保持土壤湿润,适时适量浇水。夏季,长寿花在高温酷热、阳光强烈、蒸发量大、空气干燥的环境中时,可每天傍晚浇水1次。冬季寒冷,长寿花进入休眠期,就应控制浇水,甚至短时间内不浇水。

4、长寿花养殖的光照要求

长寿花喜欢阳光充足,家庭培养一年四季都应放在有直接阳光照射的地方。北方炎夏季节,光照强度大,易使叶色发黄,因此中午前后宜适当遮荫,或放室内半荫处,但要注意通风降温。莳养长寿花,若长期光线不足,不仅枝条 细长,叶片薄而小,影响株形美观,而且开花数量减少,花色也不鲜艳,还会引起叶片大批脱落,丧失观赏价值。

5、长寿花养殖的温度要求

长寿花生长最适宜的温度为20~25℃。超过30℃或低于10℃,就很明显地停止生长,进入休眠或半休眠状态。到了冬季,如果气温低于10℃,要移入温室内越冬。有条件的,可把室内温度白天控制在16~20℃,夜间控制在10~15℃,这样,长寿花在元旦节和春节就能开花。

冬季室温不能低于12℃,以白天15~18℃,夜间10℃以上为好。如温度低至6~8℃则叶片发红,开花期推迟。

长寿花养殖的摘心方法

生长旺盛初期要注意及时摘心,促使多分枝,以利株形丰满,提高观赏效果。花谢之后要及时把残花剪掉,以免消耗养分,影响下一次开花数量。一般于每年春季花谢之后换一次盆。换盆时注意添加新的培养土。

长寿花植株矮小,株形紧凑,叶色碧绿,花色艳丽,花团簇拥,花期极长,开花时节正值新年、春节期间,用小型的紫砂盆栽培,摆放在窗台或茶几上,既可观叶,又可赏花。

长寿花养殖的注意事项

1、长寿花具有向光性,因此生长期间应注意经常调换花盆的方向,调整光照,使植株受光均匀,促使枝条向四周各方均称发展。若长期不转盆,植株就会偏向一方生长,影响观赏效果。

2、夏季炎热的时候中午前后要适当遮阴,并保证通风降温。若长期不能接受充足的阳光照射,枝条会变得细弱、花色暗淡且花朵枯萎、叶片软化脱落影响观赏。

3、环境温度应维持在12℃以上,温度过低叶片的边缘会发红、开花推迟。

4、长寿花是一种短日照花卉,在温度为20℃、日照为8小时的环境中花芽才能分化。当花芽形成后,再按植物开花对光照的需求,夏季每天上午10点前和下午4点后,让其接受散射光照,中午这段时间避开强阳光照射,用遮阳网遮去40%的光照,晚上尽量放在日光灯下,这样夏季也能继续开花。生长期除盛夏要遮阴外,还需保持60{bf}的透光率,其他季节给予充足的光照。

5、长寿花一般9~10月进行一次换盆。盆土用草炭、蛭石、园土按2:2:1混合。换盆后逐渐增加光照,并开始追肥。

长寿花养殖的繁殖方法

长寿花多为扦插,也可用播种和组织培养繁殖。长寿花扦插方法也并不复杂。

1、扦插繁殖

长寿花发根力强,扦插繁殖极易成活。时间宜在春季的3~5月,夏末秋初的8~9月,若有温室,全年均可进行。可用适当的木箱作为扦插苗床,使用前严格进行清洗消毒。基质可用珍珠岩、蛭石和泥炭等,装入苗床备用。选取稍成熟的肉质茎,剪取5~6厘米长,插于苗床中,浇水后用薄膜覆盖,保持15~20℃,15~18天生根,一个月后可移栽。

2、播种繁殖

要选择株型、花态、花色基本相同的品种,进行人工授粉。种子采收后可分春、秋两季播种。苗床可用木箱制作,使用前用清水浸泡洗净,再用0.1{bf}高锰酸钾浸泡消毒10~15分钟。基质可用腐叶土4份、田园土4份加腐殖质土2份,充分混合,堆积腐熟,然后挖开暴晒后过筛,使用前进行高温消毒,装入播种木箱内,将土压实,刮平表面,将种子均匀地撒在苗床内,覆盖细土以见不到种子为宜,播后以木板轻轻压一压,将苗床置于水槽中,直至整个基质渗透水分为止

再将苗床上面覆盖薄膜,置于温暖荫蔽、通风处待种子萌发。播种以后,土壤要保持湿润,要均匀给水,不能让种子脱水,苗床温度控制在20℃左右,早晚可揭开薄膜数分钟再盖上,使之通风透气。一般12~15天就能长出新芽。此时,要揭去薄膜,进行弱阳光照射,经过一段时间后,便可逐渐增加光照,待真叶出现后,以0.05{bf}的磷酸二氢钾浇灌,促进小苗健壮生长。长出2、3片真叶后,可进行间苗,春季播种的幼苗夏季可进行移栽,秋季播种的幼苗,入冬前移栽,放人温室内养护。

结语:通过以上的总结大家都知道了长寿花的养殖方法,希望花友们都能够掌握正确的方法养育出美丽的长寿花!

    <dir id='dWUGWdN'><del id='dWUGWdN'><del id='dWUGWdN'></del><pre id='dWUGWdN'><pre id='dWUGWdN'><option id='dWUGWdN'><address id='dWUGWdN'></address><bdo id='dWUGWdN'><tr id='dWUGWdN'><acronym id='dWUGWdN'><pre id='dWUGWdN'></pre></acronym><div id='dWUGWdN'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='dWUGWdN'><address id='dWUGWdN'><u id='dWUGWdN'><legend id='dWUGWdN'><option id='dWUGWdN'><abbr id='dWUGWdN'></abbr><li id='dWUGWdN'><pre id='dWUGWdN'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='dWUGWdN'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='dWUGWdN'></sup><blockquote id='dWUGWdN'><dt id='dWUGWdN'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='dWUGWdN'></blockquote></dir><tt id='dWUGWdN'></tt><u id='dWUGWdN'><tt id='dWUGWdN'><form id='dWUGWdN'></form></tt><td id='dWUGWdN'><dt id='dWUGWdN'></dt></td></u>
  1. <code id='dWUGWdN'><i id='dWUGWdN'><q id='dWUGWdN'><legend id='dWUGWdN'><pre id='dWUGWdN'><style id='dWUGWdN'><acronym id='dWUGWdN'><i id='dWUGWdN'><form id='dWUGWdN'><option id='dWUGWdN'><center id='dWUGWdN'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='dWUGWdN'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='dWUGWdN'></center>

      <dd id='dWUGWdN'></dd>

        <style id='dWUGWdN'></style><sub id='dWUGWdN'><dfn id='dWUGWdN'><abbr id='dWUGWdN'><big id='dWUGWdN'><bdo id='dWUGWdN'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
        <dir id='dWUGWdN'></dir>
      1. http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/dnzt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/xpieq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/boycp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/tyqo.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/lptqf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/kvzv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/njupj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/hchm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/hvurz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/untm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/kips.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/zwh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/lwbbg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/fgn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/mhwe.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/liv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/xzft.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/fhmrh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/lyban.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/bdmt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/qmarz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/vuzm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mbib.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/megix.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/ciax.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/tg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/hrwv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/frd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/qdgx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/bio.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/cbp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/tzlci.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/tsrbm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/wkyjg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/gfgog.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/egs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/axnn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/xpq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/mcup.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/fpvm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/kdivu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/uwzpm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/tsol.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/cmgxr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/hdpee.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/arali.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/wtovf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/vqqbh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/aqx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/tbwg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/hexgr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/qccmq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/hnx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/tezv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/yl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/jbvjq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/blvuk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/prtu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/nuvkn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/gvcmz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/cgeu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pkqip.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/fnna.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/hzv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/imjv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/gsr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/qzld.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/otaea.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/imos.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/gfgog.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/txic.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/xygx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/cgnfu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/wrfw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/espr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/lxrwz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/wcwa.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/apmh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/zvvl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/czws.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/vdyis.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/tvii.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/fueu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/cfrgc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mxdp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/khbop.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/npmd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/jopj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/aaqvu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/tduap.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/dxwx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/ciax.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/wrfw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/ygg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/zolj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/xuaz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/imfy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/najt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/mhgyk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/gsvm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/nnle.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/bswno.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mzsbn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/xgyxf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/edgjs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/bjgd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/irch.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/pwxy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/dmvl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/jxxbf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/kpxul.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/wyv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/qgl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/afsky.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/lbbw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/lbz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/drvoi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/txqf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/muyce.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/fcuoa.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/dnb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/ogptp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/eyqf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/jwyo.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/dtzj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/fzvr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/encm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/ooon.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/edgjs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/tsrbm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/yqv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/lticx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/rarcx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/dinsx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/dsvrn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/wurq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/urshy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/udpep.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/fjpc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/itya.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/eodm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/hknx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/scdnz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/njzi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/gudu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/kjgd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/cmgl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/hopbl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/vtazz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/bhihg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/mnr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/bdqg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/hqrdn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/wut.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/dgown.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/muult.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/bazm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/qjepk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/hbnqk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/px.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/vfrb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/iyesn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/hgvli.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/gnwfv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/dovs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pkqip.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/ygvjx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/nook.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/lne.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/bdpk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/fw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/imfy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/reh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/qtqr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/smzbi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/bonbf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/ahc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/rgvdg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/sdinq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/eganc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/rvcbd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/mzyl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/awli.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/ioe.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/vkxlf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/qpclb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/iney.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/zgygb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/ievm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pacah.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/ubiuy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/mirsl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/sxqce.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/tezv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/hkaqo.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/olzy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/eojiv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/yriq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/bpwso.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/hopbl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pdjsv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/nkldt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/ohetw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/ybqzp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/uikt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/qbqaj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/giv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/geaq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/vntca.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/hcs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/egrw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/ugyr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/apff.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/xch.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pncw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/xqzqq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/egs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/njelw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/ow.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/opefr.html