芦荟 > 正文

芦荟怎么养

  • 编辑:植物之家木槿
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  • 最后更新:2018年12月06日
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养护芦荟要为其提供透气排水的疏松土壤,还要适量浇水保持盆土湿润,不能出现积水现象。控制其生长温度在15℃左右,避免5℃以下的低温环境,并且要让芦荟多晒太阳接受阳光,两月施一次有机肥,20天左右追肥一次让其生长旺盛。

1、透气土壤

选择透气的土壤种植芦荟是芦荟怎么养好的关键,可以将园土、泥土和腐叶草灰按照2:2:1的比例配制,混合成所需要的透气疏松土壤,并要保证其具有良好的排水性,让其根部在土壤中能有效生长。

2、适量浇水

在养护芦荟时还要注意适量浇水,保持盆土湿润,从而满足芦荟的喜湿习性。通常在春秋季要5~7天浇水一次,夏季高温要2~3天浇水一次,冬季则可以15~20天浇水一次,避免盆内积水。

3、适宜温度

芦荟并不具有很好的耐寒性,在低温环境下会停止生长,甚至可能导致其死亡。因此需要将芦荟放在15℃左右的适宜温度环境中进行养护,避免5℃以下的低温环境出现,影响芦荟正常生长。

4、充足阳光

喜阳的芦荟在养护时还要使其经常晒太阳,接受充足的阳光进行光合作用生长旺盛。但是对于刚刚种植半个月的芦荟,只能接受早上的阳光照射,不然易晒伤叶片,其余阶段的芦荟可多晒阳光。

5、合理施肥

把芦荟养的更好还需要合理施肥,为其提供足够的养分使其生长。一般在其生长期需要两月施加一次有机肥料,还要每20天左右追施一次稀薄的尿素氮肥,在冬季要停肥让芦荟度过休眠期。

6、繁殖方法

(1)分株繁殖

在芦荟的生长期内随时可以进行分株繁殖,之间将芦荟的茎基从母株上掰下,随后将带有根须的茎基伤口晾干。再把茎基种进土壤中进行养护,在半个月以后就会长出新根,可进行移植养护了。

(2)扦插繁殖

芦荟的繁殖方法中还有着扦插繁殖,要把带有不定根的枝叶摘下,随后将其伤口晾干插入土中。进行遮荫养护,并将温度控制在25~28℃之间,会使芦荟扦插叶片尽快长出新的根系进行生长。

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