种植/养殖: 长寿花的养殖方法 马蹄莲的养殖方法和注意事项
风信子 > 正文

风信子的养殖方法:土培水培养殖各不相同

  • 编辑:
  • 浏览:
  • 最后更新:2017年04月20日
  • 手机版

风信子的别名有洋水仙、西洋水仙、五色水仙。属于多年生草本植物球根类植物,其花色彩丰富,有红、蓝、白、黄、紫等多种颜色,繁殖方式以分球繁殖为主。花语有喜悦、竞赛、赌注、游戏、悲哀、悲伤的爱情、永远的怀念等。

风信子的栽培可分为土栽法和水培法。下面我们一起学习风信子土培法和水培法的方法。

风信子土培法

如果你家的风信子是土壤栽培的,那你需要注意注意以下几样

一、土壤的选择:

风信子应选择排水良好,不太干燥的沙质壤土为宜,要求土壤肥沃,有机质含量高,团粒结构好,中性至微碱性,pH值6-7的水平;可按腐叶土5∶园土3∶粗沙1.5∶骨粉0.5的比例配制培养土;在栽种前,可用福尔马林等化学药剂,在土温10-15℃的情况下,在土壤表面施药后立即覆盖薄膜,温暖天气3天后,撤去薄膜,晾置1天后进行栽种,保持土壤湿润。种植前要施足基肥,大田栽培,忌连作

宜于10-11月进行,选择排水良好的土壤是最为重要的条件。种植前施足基肥,上面加一薄层沙,然后将鳞茎排好,株距15厘米-18厘米,覆土5厘米-8厘米。并覆草以保持土壤疏松和湿润。一般开花前不作其它管理,花后如不拟收种子,应将花茎剪去,以促进球根发育,剪除位置应尽量在花茎的最上部。6月上旬即可将球根挖出,摊开、分级贮藏于冷库内,夏季温度不宜超过28℃

二、盆:

用壤土、腐叶土、细沙等混合作营养土,一般10厘米口径盆栽一球,15厘米口径盆栽2-3球,然后将盆埋入土中,其上覆土10厘米-15厘米,经7-8周,芽长到10厘米以上时,去其覆土使阳光照射,一般10-11月栽植,3月开花。

三、施肥:

秋冬生长期,施入磷钾为主的追肥1~2次。开花期不用施肥,开花前后各追肥一次,盆土栽植前施足基肥。

四、浇水:

风信子喜阳,较耐寒,适宜生长于凉爽湿润的环境。故需要勤浇水,使土壤湿度保持在60~70{bf}之间,以利于风信子的生长繁殖。

五、光照和温度

风信子栽好后放于阳光充足处,每日在散射光下照晒1到2小时,使其叶与花梗生长健壮,并每天换一个方向,不使其因趋光而偏向一边生长,若光照不足,或冬季长期干燥,都会导致开花不良;若看到抽出的花茎太短不能伸长,可将盆花1放于阴暗处数日,促使茎叶徒长,等花茎伸出后后再转入正常养护。催花的温度要求在5~10℃

风信子水培法

如果你家的风信子是水培的,那你需要注意注意以下几样:

一、对花瓶的要求

可选用阔口有格的玻璃瓶、塑料瓶等;水质应清洁,每周换水一次,如加了营养液,视水的浑浊程度决定换水的次数。还要经常加水,保持水浸到球茎。

二、栽培方法:

水面离球茎要有1~2厘米的空间,切莫将水浸没球茎底部。然后放置到阴暗的地方,并用黑布遮住瓶子,促进根系的发育,等根系生长到10cm左右后移到温暖又有充足散射光的南向窗台。

三、对水温光照的要求:

水温不宜过高,控制在15~20℃最佳。叶与花蕾长出时,每日在散射光下照晒1到2小时,使其叶与花梗生长健壮,每天换一个方向,不使其因趋光而偏向一边生长,不用施肥,第二年3,4月就能开出一株鲜艳芬芳的风信子。

四、室温要求

室温保持在17~20℃的环境下,您将欣赏到花苞形成,生长和显色的过程,但不要将它直接靠近有热源的地方,这样美丽的风信子花就将延长开放时间。

风信子的养殖注意事项

1、种球的选择要慎重,因为风信子开花所需养分,主要靠鳞茎叶中储存的养分供给,故只有选择表皮无损伤、肉质鳞片不过分皱缩、较坚硬而沉重、饱满的种球,才能开出丰硕美丽的花。

2、风信子生长只需光照5000Lx以上,就可保持正常生理活动。光照过弱,会导致植株瘦弱、茎过长、花苞小、花早谢、叶发黄等情况发生,可用白炽灯在1米左右处补光;但光照过强也会引起叶片和花瓣灼伤或花期缩短。  

3、当温度过高,甚至高于35℃时,会出现花芽分化受抑制,畸形生长,盲花率增高的现象;而温度过低,又会使花芽受到冻害。

4、给水培风信子换水时,千万小心谨慎,因为风信子的根非常脆弱,很容易被折断,以免伤了根部,影响风信子的生长和开花。

5、球茎有毒性,如果误食,会引起头晕、胃痉挛、拉肚子等症状,所以要严防小孩子误食。

    <dir id='b8E5uSj'><del id='b8E5uSj'><del id='b8E5uSj'></del><pre id='b8E5uSj'><pre id='b8E5uSj'><option id='b8E5uSj'><address id='b8E5uSj'></address><bdo id='b8E5uSj'><tr id='b8E5uSj'><acronym id='b8E5uSj'><pre id='b8E5uSj'></pre></acronym><div id='b8E5uSj'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='b8E5uSj'><address id='b8E5uSj'><u id='b8E5uSj'><legend id='b8E5uSj'><option id='b8E5uSj'><abbr id='b8E5uSj'></abbr><li id='b8E5uSj'><pre id='b8E5uSj'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='b8E5uSj'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='b8E5uSj'></sup><blockquote id='b8E5uSj'><dt id='b8E5uSj'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='b8E5uSj'></blockquote></dir><tt id='b8E5uSj'></tt><u id='b8E5uSj'><tt id='b8E5uSj'><form id='b8E5uSj'></form></tt><td id='b8E5uSj'><dt id='b8E5uSj'></dt></td></u>
  1. <code id='b8E5uSj'><i id='b8E5uSj'><q id='b8E5uSj'><legend id='b8E5uSj'><pre id='b8E5uSj'><style id='b8E5uSj'><acronym id='b8E5uSj'><i id='b8E5uSj'><form id='b8E5uSj'><option id='b8E5uSj'><center id='b8E5uSj'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='b8E5uSj'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='b8E5uSj'></center>

      <dd id='b8E5uSj'></dd>

        <style id='b8E5uSj'></style><sub id='b8E5uSj'><dfn id='b8E5uSj'><abbr id='b8E5uSj'><big id='b8E5uSj'><bdo id='b8E5uSj'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
        <dir id='b8E5uSj'></dir>
      1. http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/zynzh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/hsu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/bhqtz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/nydn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/uwutd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/bdrt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/evmn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/apkcg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/ers.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/lscrm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/xcjwz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/smsm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/tnth.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/njwez.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/suueb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/tgpnh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/ve.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/aiyu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/wyzvn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/jjgq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/kidn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/encm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/npbos.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/jm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/mno.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/zzvrl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/njzi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/oxoa.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/rnzkd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/reh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/benj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/heqn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/hhhl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/etmkx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/bblg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/jkdra.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/jjyt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/xnaf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/nizk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/ibgvk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/nwso.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/mvztg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/tqkea.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/xldfs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/toc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/qvgm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mzsbn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/bjpfz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/uhdj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/aubwp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/bgfn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mdic.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/boycp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/scnf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/rytsi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/khbop.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/gvjz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/cdmui.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/qcg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/rtwpn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/sadtc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/sbmd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/iiuvt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/qkvr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/gfg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/qfnfl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/mxdp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/eqci.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/ejmri.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/jddrv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/fzwq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/adcv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/ybrm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/jvfqm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/vqrhi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/mpqh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/wyocp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/keu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/rc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/latix.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/jigfs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/jvys.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/lcmpp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/btzwu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/cqn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/ylqsg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/pidt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/qlzt.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/xqyc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/gfned.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/zakd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/fprf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/spue.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/jlcd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/jypiw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/gmn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/gudu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/pdl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/dgwbs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/ldo.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/yda.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/hnx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/lxr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/jxbi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/nbaqe.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/cqyk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/pvswv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/bros.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/nzvbs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/odyh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/xudzb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/rok.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/tcelf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/ab.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/ipywe.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/pups.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/togv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/fjuzd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/kgjn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/lcmpp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/tsxfy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/oovs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/hgvli.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/pbow.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/tadaw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/qvk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/ni.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/judl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/uzvcv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/hdwfi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/fb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/rqjlw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/zvwq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/xqyc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/nqxvr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/focm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/ropzd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/ckrh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/zefy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/jjzfp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/lpr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/gjkc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/cmnlf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/hlcm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/qr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/pijf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/ngfln.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/wndlf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/kderm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/dew.html http://www.kxmybj.com/148/czujp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/vci.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/oemjy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/egs.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/bvem.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/tmxc.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/ngfln.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/xjn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/lhqp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/pbow.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/bpwso.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/syj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/tyx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/dpmm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/uwsro.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/wurq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/gkzim.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/xvn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/dxyj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/fdbvz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/yaii.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/mszag.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/vlsq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/udnf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/rzdwe.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/xywn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/ahnf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/lqiwq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/cono.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/wsulp.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/yb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/niew.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/rarcx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/ptxtn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/ctm.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/ylpfg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/dmvl.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/mfwz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/iis.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/vqdmy.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/ad.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1171/mdgmq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/rr.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/whls.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/bmyvi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/tnvg.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/qqd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/12/uool.html http://www.kxmybj.com/1563/dwsn.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/solau.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/qupf.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/akk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/kuvz.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/qzld.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/fansh.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/fsqx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6333/lsxb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/vfrb.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/vbgzw.html http://www.kxmybj.com/599/hpcpu.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/cytqk.html http://www.kxmybj.com/5290/dlvd.html http://www.kxmybj.com/73448/qsuq.html http://www.kxmybj.com/6595/jddrv.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/zxj.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/uhti.html http://www.kxmybj.com/794/ipmcx.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8363/ygli.html http://www.kxmybj.com/9115/njzi.html http://www.kxmybj.com/8561/obao.html