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千年木 > 正文

七彩千年木的养殖方法,掌握6个要点即可生长繁茂

  • 编辑:植物之家白掌
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  • 最后更新:2018年11月21日
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七彩千年木的养殖方法首先要选取合理的土壤,主要以富含腐质物和排水情况良好的酸性土壤为主,在平时放在半阴半阳的环境中,冬季的最低温度不可低于10℃,生长期必须要保持土壤的湿润性,每半个月施肥一次硝酸钾肥。

1、光温环境

七彩千年木属于半荫性中性植物,既不可在强光下暴晒,也不能在完全荫蔽的地方生长,否则会使七年木枝叶发黄,而且它的耐寒能力不强,除我国少数亚热带地区都需在室内种植,冬季的最低温度不可低于10℃。

2、合适土壤

选择合适的土壤是七彩千年木的养殖方法条件之一,七彩千年木的生长对土壤要求较高,一般要求富含腐质物和排水情况良好的酸性土壤,在碱性土壤种植易使叶片发黄,不利于七彩千年木正常的生长发育。

3、合理浇水

在七彩千年木的生长期必须要保持土壤的湿润性,缺水会引起千年木的枝叶掉落,但也要适量浇水,不可过多或者形成积水,否则会使叶片黄化,枝叶生长期空气湿度保持在50%~60%左右,这样有利于七彩千年木的生长发育。

4、定期施肥

不同时期七彩千年木施肥次数是不同的,生长期每半个月施肥一次,一般选用硝酸钾肥,如果是年岁很高的千年木则需要每周施肥一次,休眠期相应的减少施肥次数即可,经常施肥有助于去除二甲苯等有害物质。

5、预防虫害

七彩千年木的病虫危害一般有炭蛆病、叶斑病,需要用稀薄的的抗菌剂和醋酸混合溶液喷洒,有时七彩千年木也会有介壳虫危害叶片,先剪除要害部位的叶片,再用适量的氧化乐果乳油溶液进行喷洒,以避免病虫的危害。

6、修剪处理

七彩千年木的花瓣极小,且多以观赏价值为主,这时候就需要修整它的枝叶来保持七彩千年木的美观,一般在生长前期剪去其枯枝、残枝、黄叶,留下千年木比较健壮和新生的枝条,既可以保持七彩七年木的美观,又可以促进千年木的健康良好发育。

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