植物的好处: 吃甘蔗有什么好处 甘蔗汁
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吃红薯的好处和坏处:切记不熟的红薯不吃

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红薯(又叫地瓜)是很普通的食物,但红薯营养丰富,深受人们喜爱。下面小编为大家介绍吃红薯(地瓜)的好处与坏处。

吃红薯(地瓜)的好处有如下七点:      

1、补虚乏、益气力:红薯能供给人体大量的粘液蛋白、糖、维生素A和维生素C,因此具有补虚乏、益气力、健脾胃、强肾阴以及和胃、暖胃、益肺等功效

2、减肥、美容:据科学研究表示:红薯的含热量非常低,只有大米的1/3,所以吃了之后不必担心会发胖,反而可起到减肥作用。此外,红薯中还含有一种类似雌性激素的物质,对保护人体皮肤,延缓衰老有一定的作用

3、防治便秘:红薯含有大量膳食纤维,在肠道内无法被消化吸收,能刺激肠道,增强蠕动,通便排毒,尤其对老年性便秘有较好的疗效。

4、抗癌作用:红薯中含有一种化学物质叫氢表雄酮,可以用于预防结肠癌和乳腺癌。常吃红薯有助于维持人体的正常叶酸水平,体内叶酸含量过低会增加得癌症的风险。红薯中高含量的膳食纤维有促进胃肠蠕动、预防便秘和结肠直肠癌的作用

5、对心脏有利:红薯富含钾、β-胡萝卜素、叶酸、维生素C和维生素B6,这5种成分均有助于预防心血管疾病。钾有助于人体细胞液体和电解质平衡,维持正常血压和心脏功能。β-胡萝卜素和维生素C有抗脂质氧化、预防动脉粥样硬化的作用

6、预防肺气肿:为什么一些长期吸烟者活到90岁以上但没有发生肺气肿,可能与他们日常饮食中维生素A含量丰富有关。研究人员建议那些吸烟者或被动吸烟者最好每天吃一些富含维生素A的食物如红薯,以预防肺气肿

7、抗糖尿病作用:红薯有一定的抗糖尿病作用,日本的研究人员曾发现糖尿病肥胖大鼠在进食红薯4周、6周后血液中胰岛素水平分别降低了26{bf}、60{bf};并发现红薯可有效抑制糖尿病肥胖大鼠口服葡萄糖后血糖水平的升高;进食红薯也可以降低糖尿病大鼠甘油三酯和游离脂肪酸的水平。

吃红薯(地瓜)坏处有如下四点:

1、不经高温破坏、难以消化:薯一定要蒸熟煮透再吃,因为红薯中的淀粉颗粒不经高温破坏,难以消化。

2、吃得过多,会使人腹胀、呃逆、放屁:红薯含有一种氧化酶,这种酶容易在人的胃肠道里产生大量二氧化碳气体,如红薯吃得过多,会使人腹胀、呃逆、放屁。

3、糖分多、使腹部不适:红薯的含糖含量较高,吃多了可刺激胃酸大量分泌,使人感到“烧心”。胃由于受到过量胃酸的刺激而收缩加强,胃酸即可倒流进食管,发生吐酸水。另外,身体一时吸收不完,剩余部分停留在肠道里容易发酵,使腹部不适。

4、缺少蛋白质和脂肪:红薯的不足之处是缺少蛋白质和脂肪,但是今天人们生活富裕了,已经不再把红薯作为主食,它缺少的营养物质完全可以通过其他膳食加以补充。

看完上面的介绍,吃红薯有那么多的好处,大家是不是有个惊喜呢?平时有机会可以多吃吃红薯,益处多多哦。

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