梅花 > 正文

梅花怎么养

  • 编辑:植物之家木槿
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  • 最后更新:2019年01月12日
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梅花养好要提供按比例配制的微酸土壤,并要1~2年换盆松土一次,平常要提供充足光照和15~20℃的温暖环境,还要每月追肥一次,在春秋要每天浇水,保证其水肥充足,并要及时进行枝叶修剪,还可选择嫁接繁殖,使梅花更加旺盛。

1、微酸土壤

梅花在微酸性的疏松土壤中可生长的更好,能够将2份腐叶土、1份园土、1份粗砂和1份腐熟饼肥按照比例进行配制,从而将其混合均匀进行梅花的种植,要1~2年换盆一次,以免土壤板结养分消耗殆尽。

2、光温适宜

需要充足的光照才可健康生长的梅花,不可将其摆放在阴暗处养护,容易让它变得瘦弱并且开花困难,最好是放在向阳处接受阳光,并要将其生长温度保持在15~20℃左右,不可出现低温,以免花朵开放晚或者不开花。

3、水肥适量

在梅花怎么养中要每月为其施加一次稀薄液肥,在其开花前可改施磷肥,促使其花芽更好分化,并要在施肥后浇水,促进肥料下渗梅花吸收。平常养护浇水要春秋每天一次,夏季一天两次,让土壤保持湿润状态。

4、修剪枝叶

梅花在生长过程中要做好枝叶的修剪工作,需要对其整体造型进行整形修剪,并在日常养护中不时将植株上的交叉枝、横生枝以及密枝长枝等进行剪除,还要短截其过多的侧枝,促使梅花生长的更加旺盛。

5、嫁接繁殖

养殖过程中可选择对梅花进行嫁接繁殖,选择适合的如李树、桃树或者直接是梅花树作为砧木,随后将准备嫁接的枝条或者是新芽处理,扦插进砧木上的裂口中,用塑料薄膜绑紧做好养护,让其慢慢生根即可。

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