盘点10种适合室内养的植物(附图),吊兰竟然排第一

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很多人喜欢在自己的家里或办公室里养一些花草点缀下,即可愉悦心情又能净化空气。但不是所有的植物都适合在室内养殖的,有些是不耐荫,有些会散发对人体有害的物质等。所以选择什么植物就成为重中之重。接下来本文就为大家介绍10种适合室内养殖的花草。

10种适合室内养的植物

1、吊兰

能吸收空气中95{bf}的一氧化碳和85{bf}的甲醛,吊兰能在微弱的光线下进行光合作用,吊兰能吸收空气中的有毒有害气体,一盆吊兰在8~10平米的房间就相当于一个空气净化器。一般在房间内养1-2盆吊兰,能在24小时释放出氧气,同时吸收空气中的甲醛,苯乙烯,一氧化碳,二氧化碳等致癌物质。吊兰对某些有害物质的吸收力特别强,比如空气中混合的一氧化碳和甲醛分别能达到95{bf}和85。吊兰还能分解苯,吸收香烟烟雾中的尼古丁等比较稳定的有害物。所以吊兰又被称为室内空气的绿色净化器,所以说成为了10种适合室内养的植物之一。

2、常春藤

吸收甲醛的冠军常春藤是目前吸收甲醛最有效的室内植物,每平方米的常春藤的叶片可以吸收甲醛1.48毫克,而2盆成年的常春藤的叶片总面积大约0.78平方米。同时常春藤还可以吸收苯这种有毒有害物质,24小时光照条件下可吸收室内90{bf}的苯。根据推测,10平方米的房间,只需要放上2-3盆常春藤就可以起到净化空气的作用,它还能吸附微粒灰尘。

3、绿萝

改善空气质量消除有害物质绿萝的生命力很强,吸收有害物质的能力也很强,可以帮助不经常开窗通风的房间改善空气质量。绿萝还能消除甲醛等有害物质,其功能丝毫不亚于长春藤,吊兰。

4、文竹

消灭细菌和病毒的防护伞文竹含有的植物芳香有抗菌成分,可以清除空气中的细菌和病毒,具有保健功能,所以文竹释放出的气味有杀菌益菌之力,所以说文竹也是10种适合室内养的植物之一。此外,文竹还有很高的药用价值,挖取它的肉质根洗去上面的尘土污垢,晒干备用或新鲜即用。叶状枝随用随采,均有止咳润肺凉血解毒之功效。

5君子兰

释放氧气,吸收烟雾的清新剂一株成年的君子兰,一昼夜能吸收1立升空气,释放80{bf}的氧气,在极其微弱的光线下也能发生光合作用。它在夜里不会散发二氧化碳。在十几平方米的室内有两三盆君子兰就可以把室内的烟雾吸收掉。特别是北方寒冷的冬天,由于门窗紧闭,室内空气不流通,君子兰会起到很好的调节空气的作用,保持室内空气清新。

6、富贵竹

适合卧室的健康植物富贵竹可以帮助不经常开窗通风的房间改善空气质量,具有消毒功能,尤其是卧室,富贵竹可以有效的吸收废气,使卧室的私密环境得到改善。

7、橡皮树

消除有害物质的多面手橡皮树是一个消除有害植物的多面手。对空气中的一氧化碳,二氧化碳,氟化氢等有害气体有一定抗性。橡皮树还能消除可吸入颗粒物污染,对室内灰尘能起到有效的滞尘作用。

8、芦荟

一盆芦荟相当于九台生物空气清洁器盆栽芦荟有空气净化专家的美誉。一盆芦荟就等于九台生物空气清洁器,可吸收甲醛、二氧化碳、二氧化硫、一氧化碳等有害物质。尤其对甲醛吸收特别强。在4小时光照条件下,一盆芦荟可消除一平方米空气中90{bf}的甲醛,还能杀灭空气中的有害微生物,并能吸附灰尘,对净化居室环境有很大作用。当室内有害空气过高时芦荟的叶片就会出现斑点,这就是求援信号,只要在室内再增加几盆芦荟,室内空气质量又会趋于正常。

9、白掌

抑制人体呼出的废气,如氨气和丙酮同时它也可以过滤空气中的苯、三氯乙烯和甲醛。它的高蒸发速度可以防止鼻粘膜干燥,使患病的可能性大大降低。

10、龟背竹

夜间吸收二氧化碳,改善空气质量龟背竹净化空气的功能略微弱一些,它不像吊兰、芦荟是净化空气的多面手,但龟背竹对清除空气中的甲醛的效果比较明显。另外,龟背竹有晚间吸收二氧化碳的功效。对改善室内空气质量、提高含氧量有很大帮助。加上龟背竹一般植株较大,造型优雅,叶片又比较疏朗美观,所以是一种非常理想的室内植物。龟背竹的果实成熟后可以做菜,香味像凤梨或者香蕉。

结语:通过以上的总结大家都知道了10种适合室内养的植物,希望大家都能够在室内养育自己喜欢的植物!

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